At the outset it must be remembered that there were two great parties at the time of the adoption of the Constitution -- one laying emphasis on strength and efficiency in government and the other on its popular aspects.
They were not, generally speaking, men of large property interests or of much practical business experience.
By the early s it was generally accepted within the historical profession that In the ratification of the Constitution, about three-fourths of the adult males failed to vote on the question, having abstained from the elections at which delegates to the state conventions were chosen, either on account of their indifference or their disfranchisement by property qualifications.
The conservative interests, made desperate by the imbecilities of the Confederation and harried by state legislatures, roused themselves from the lethargy, drew together in a mighty effort to establish a government that would be strong enough to pay the national debt, regulate interstate and foreign commerce, provide for national defense, prevent fluctuations in the currency created by paper emissions, and control the propensities of legislative majorities to attack private rights In the tenth number of The Federalist, Mr.
Again, an alternative of land or personal property, high enough to afford safeguards to large interests, would doubtless Thesis charles beard concerning constitution about the rejection of the whole Constitution by the troublemaking farmers who had to pass upon the question of ratification. Benson, Lee Turner and Beard: Certain elements of his views, especially his advocacy of a non-interventionist foreign policy, have enjoyed a minor comeback among a few scholars of liberty since A large propertyless mass was, under the prevailing suffrage qualifications, excluded at the outset from participation through representatives in the work of framing the Constitution.
Ineven before their adoption, Alexander Hamilton proposed a general convention to frame a new constitution, and from that time forward he labored with remarkable zeal and wisdom to extend and popularize the idea of a strong national government.
The propertyless masses were. Under the Articles of Confederation, populism had a free hand, for majorities in the state legislatures were omnipotent.
The radicals, however, like Patrick Henry, Jefferson, and Samuel Adams, were conspicuous by their absence from the Convention. He continued to press this position after the war. This moderate proposition was defeated because Rhode Island rejected it on the grounds that "she regarded it the most precious jewel of sovereignty that no state shall be called upon to open its purse but by the authority of the state and by her own officers.
In fact, almost all of them expressly limited their representative to a mere revision of the Articles of Confederation. Constitution was a product of economically determinist, land-holding founding fathers.
In their anxiety to defend the individual against all federal interference and to preserve to the states a large sphere of local autonomy, these Revolutionists had set up a system too weak to accomplish the accepted objects of government; namely, national defense, the protection of property, and the advancement of commerce.
Beard traces the Constitutional guarantee that the newly formed nation would pay its debts to the desire of Washington and similarly situated lenders to have their costs refunded. In fact, almost all of them expressly limited their representative to a mere revision of the Articles of Confederation.Excerpted from Charles Beard's "Framing the Constitution," in Peter Woll, ed., it has been exposed to frequent and intricate questions concerning the validity of its powers; and has in some instances given birth to the enormous doctrine of a right of legislative repeal.
Owing its ratification to the law of a state, it has been contended. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. Charles Beard. Selections.
Full Document; In fact, the inquiry which follows is based upon the political science of James Madison, the father of the Constitution and later President of the Union he had done so much to create. Charles Beard presented a different view of the motives of the Founding Fathers who wrote the Constitution.
He argued that the writers of the Constitution were mainly concerned with economic factors. He believed they were trying to preserve the rights of property owners.
Furthermore, Beard places delegates Nicholas Gilman, William Samuel Johnson, Charles Pinckney, and others as holders of public securities, but they did not acquire. An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States. Charles Beard.
Selections. Full Document; In fact, the inquiry which follows is based upon the political science of James Madison, the father of the Constitution and later President of the Union he had done so much to create.
This thesis deals with the role of property in the formation of the American Constitution and government. Charles Beard's views on property are compared with writings from the eighteenth century. Beard's writings on property and his critics are examined in the first two chapters.
Then, the thesis's two historical contexts are evaluated.Download